Referenties Artritis - Voeding
- Nutritional management of rheumatoid arthritis: a review of the evidence
Poor nutrient status in RA patients has been reported and some drug therapies, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), prescribed to alleviate RA symptoms, may increase the requirement for some nutrients and reduce their absorption. Supplementation with long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) consistently demonstrates an improvement in symptoms and a reduction in NSAID usage. Evidence relating to other fatty acids, antioxidants, zinc, iron, folate, other B vitamins, calcium, vitamin D and fluoride are also considered. The present evidence suggests that RA patients should consume a balanced diet rich in long-chain n-3 PUFA and antioxidants. More randomized long-term studies are needed to provide evidence for the benefits of specific nutritional supplementation and to determine optimum intake, particularly for n-3 PUFA and antioxidants.
- Diet, nutrition and rheumatoid arthritis
The pharmacological therapy (non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), slow acting antirheumatic drugs and corticosteroids), have the potential to cause side-effects, such as gastrointestinal bleeding, bone loss beyond to increase the requirement of some nutrients and reduce their absorption. The diet may play role in the management of RA, particularly in alleviating the symptoms of the disease, combating the side-effects of therapy and reducing the risk of complications. The increase of the caloric and proteic intake is not sufficient to offset a increased metabolic rhythm and important proteic catabolism but a diet balanced may warrant an adequate intake of nutrients. The carbohydrates of the diet provide 55-60% of the caloric intake, the diet is normo-proteinic or hyper-proteinic in the active phase of disease, and lipids represent 25-30% of the caloric intake (saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated fatty acids in the ratio 1:1:1). omega-3 fatty acids supplementation, in combination with reduction of fatty acids omega-6 and adequate intake of monounsaturated fatty acids induce improvement in symptoms and sometimes a reduction in NSAIDs usage. Proper antioxidant nutrients (Vitamin A, Vitamin C, selenium) may provide an important defence against the increased oxidant stress and a supplementation of folate and vitamin B12, in patients treated with methotrexate (MTX), reduce the incidence of side effects and offset the elevation in plasma homocysteine frequent in these patients. Calcium and vitamin D, in patients treated with corticosteroids, reduce the bone loss, while a supplementation with iron may prevent anaemia. Finally, elimination diets may be feasible therapy only in patients with positive skin prick test.
- Anti-inflammatory effects of a low arachidonic acid diet and fish oil in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
Sixty patients completed the study. In AID patients, but not in WD patients, the numbers of tender and swollen joints decreased by 14% during placebo treatment. In AID patients, as compared to WD patients, fish oil led to a significant reduction in the numbers of tender (28% vs 11%) and swollen (34% vs 22%) joints (P<0.01). Compared to baseline levels, higher enrichment of eicosapentaenoic acid in erythrocyte lipids (244% vs 217%) and lower formation of leukotriene B(4) (34% vs 8%, P>0.01), 11-dehydro-thromboxane B(2) (15% vs 10%, P<0.05), and prostaglandin metabolites (21% vs 16%, P<0.003) were found in AID patients, especially when fish oil was given during months 6-8 of the experiment. A diet low in arachidonic acid ameliorates clinical signs of inflammation in patients with RA and augments the beneficial effect of fish oil supplementation.
- Diet and rheumatoid arthritis: a review of the literature
Dietary manipulation provides a means by which patients can a regain a sense of control over their disease. Dietary n-3 supplementation is practical and can be easily achieved with encapsulated or, less expensively, bottled fish oil.
- Is diet important in rheumatoid arthritis?
There is evidence from several well documented case reports that occasional patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may develop aggravation of their arthritis as a result of allergy to some ingredient in the diet. A variety of foodstuffs have been implicated including milk and milk products, corn and cereals. Total fasting results in improvement in rheumatoid arthritis, but appears to be mediated by diminution in production of chemical mediators of inflammation, rather than by elimination of a dietary allergen. There is conflicting evidence from studies using various intestinal probes that patients with rheumatoid arthritis may have a 'leaky' intestinal mucosa allowing food allergens to be more easily absorbed. Clinical therapeutic trials of exclusion diets have employed the standard strategy of the double-blind randomized method. However, this presupposes that patients entered into such a study are capable of improvement with dietary manipulation. Since this is often not the case, a more appropriate method would be to employ the 'intensive research design' also known as 'single case experiment' and 'N of 1' study. 'Masked food intolerance' is an attractive hypothesis, but extremely difficult to prove. It is doubtful whether fish oils and/or evening primrose oil will be of significant long term benefit for patients with RA. However, they do provide for the possibility that a fatty acid-like substance may be found which may be incorporated into cell membranes, thereby preventing production of mediators of inflammation, such as prostaglandin E2 and leukotriene B4.
- Dietary risk factors for rheumatic diseases
A prospective study suggests that higher intakes of meat and total protein as well as lower intakes of fruit, vegetables, and vitamin C are associated with an increased risk of inflammatory polyarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. Several studies suggest that the Mediterranean-type diet or its main components may have protective effects on the development or severity of rheumatoid arthritis.
- The role of diet in susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review
There was evidence of a protective effect of higher consumption of olive oil, oil-rich fish, fruit, vegetables and beta-cryptoxanthin. Lower serum concentrations of antioxidants were associated with an increased risk of RA in 3 studies. Due to the heterogeneity of study designs and analyses, the results could not be pooled.
- The role of diet in susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review
Fish oil supplementation has consistently been shown to have a beneficial effect on the symptoms of established RA, but it is not known whether the PUFA present in fish oils can reduce the risk of developing the disease. There is evidence that RA is less severe in the southern Mediterranean countries, such as Italy and Greece, where oil-rich fish, fruit, vegetables and olive oil are consumed in greater amounts than in many other countries. Overall, the evidence for a role of diet in the aetiology of RA is limited to a small number of observational studies of very different designs. Recently, it was demonstrated that lower intakes of fruit and vegetables and dietary vitamin C are associated with an increased risk of developing inflammatory polyarthritis.
- Candida: Candida infectie - CVS/ME: Chronische vermoeidheid Syndroom - Diabetische complicaties: Behandeling diabetische complicaties - Neuropathie - Retinopathie - Nefropathie - Bloeduiker stabilisatie - Hart en vaatziekten: Cardiomyopathie en Hartfalen - Cardiomyopathy and Heart Failure - Hoge bloeddruk - Cholesterol verlaging - Aderverkalking (atherosclerose) - Spataderen - Levensverlenging: Levensverlenging - DHEA - Melatonine - 65+ - Kanker: - Ondersteuningstherapie bij kanker - Bot en gewricht aandoeningen: - Artrose - Artritis - Osteoporose - Fibromyalgie: - Fibromyalgie - Urinewegen: - Prostaatklachten - Blaasontsteking - Maag- darm aandoeningen: Prikkelbaar Darm Syndroom - Crohn - Colitus Ulcerosa - Voeding: Voeding wat is er mis mee - Melk - Suiker - Aanvulling onvolwaardige voeding - Vitamine supplementen: Voedingssupplementen - Overgewicht: - Overgewicht - SLIM - Oogaandoeningen: - Staar - Slecht ziendheid - Andere artikelen: - HPU - Astma - Multiple Sclerose - Alzheimer - Psoriasis - Depressie - Premenstrueel Syndroom - Orthomoleculaire Geneeskunde